Cannabis 101


What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is the proper term for the flowering plants that include three different species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. At MedReleaf, we grow varieties from both sativa and indica species, as well as multiple hybrid variations. Cannabis contains hundreds of compounds, of which more than 60 are cannabinoids. Among cannabinoids, THC and CBD are the most widely studied to date.


Cannabinoids & their role

No single component can be considered the one true therapeutic agent, but instead the benefits are attributed to what has been called the “entourage effect” of all the components acting in concert with one another.



Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol has been shown to provide therapeutic benefits as an analgesic, anti-nauseate, sleep enhancer, appetite stimulant, and mood stimulant. THC is the primary psychoactive element of medical cannabis.


Cannabidol (CBD)

CBD has been shown in studies to have strong anti-inflammatory properties, including symptomatic benefits for patients with IBD. It has also been used successfully as an anti-anxiety and seizure reduction agent. CBD is a non-psychoactive compound.

MedReleaf offers a wide variety of products that span the spectrum of THC and CBD concentrations to meet the needs of all our patients.


Indica Varieties

Indica varieties of cannabis are known to relieve body pain, relax muscles, relieve spasms, reduce seizures, relieve headaches, and reduce anxiety or stress.


Sativa Varieties

Sativa varieties of cannabis are known to provide feelings of well-being and ease, provide up-lifting thoughts, stimulate and energize, increase focus and creativity, and combat depression.

How do I choose the right variety for me?

There is more to choosing the right cannabis medicine than you might think. The level of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids are important pieces of the puzzle. However, our many varieties each have their own unique mixture of terpenoids, too. This terpenoid profile is what determines the scents and flavours of the different varieties, but it also plays an important role in how each variety of cannabis impacts each patient. Terpenoids, sometimes called isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic compounds. It is important to understand their role in the variety selection process because they can have a significant effect on your course of treatment.

Speak with a member of the MedReleaf Patient Care team and a cannabis-experienced registered nurse will assist you in finding the right course of treatment.

Did you know that your body produces cannabinoids on its own?

Research has shown that a whole host of chemical compounds produced by the human body are almost identical to those contained within the cannabis plant. They, and their receptor sites, have been aptly named the human ‘endocannabinoid system’ (ECS) because of this similarity. We now understand that cannabinoids from the cannabis plant may offer a valuable replacement mechanism when there is a weakening of our own endocannabinoid system.